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How Rehabs Protect Your Privacy

Hannah Friedman
 October 27th, 2022|   Clinically Reviewed by 
Rajnandini Rathod

Addiction can affect anyone, from high-profile CEOs to teens. In spite of this, there’s a stigma attached to admitting you have a problem. And unfortunately, that stigma prevents some people from getting help.

If you’re considering rehab, it makes sense to think about how it will impact your reputation. But that doesn’t have to get in the way of treatment. Wherever you go to rehab for addiction, there are ways to maintain confidentiality. When you trust that the details of your recovery will be private, you can focus all your energy on healing.

Why Does Privacy Matter?

Privacy isn’t always a priority. Depending on your lifestyle, you may not mind having people know you’re going to rehab. And because community support is so important for recovery,1 this can work in your favor. But going public isn’t right for everyone. There are several reasons you might choose to keep your circle small.

High-profile patients, like politicians, might not want the stress of managing their image. Parents may be concerned that their recovery will impact their children’s relationships. Whether you’re thinking of your family, your job, your future, or all 3, you have the right to decide who knows your story. And there are clinical standards in place to ensure that.

Legal Standards for Confidentiality

In the U.S., healthcare providers must adhere to certain laws that govern patient privacy. When it comes to addiction rehab, 2 important regulations are the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)2 and Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 2 (42 CFR Part 2).3


HIPAA is a federal law.3 According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it stops sensitive health data from “being disclosed without the patient’s consent or knowledge.” This law gives you the right to see your own medical records, and choose whether your provider can share them.

Sometimes it’s important to share this sensitive information. For instance, you might be seeing both a therapist and a psychiatrist. And if they can talk to each other about your mental health, you can get more comprehensive support. But you get to decide. If you so choose, you can authorize providers to share your private medical data.4
In most cases, your healthcare providers cannot share your information with your employer,5 or with your friends and family.6 However, if a judge issues a court order to disclose your medical records,7 they may have no choice. If you’re attending rehab involuntarily, you should talk to your lawyer and your healthcare team about how that may affect you.

42 CFR Part 2

While HIPAA governs how all medical data is shared, 42 CFR Part 2 governs only addiction treatment.8 This federal law prevents some rehab centers from sharing identifying information about their patients. This is so people in recovery won’t be treated unfairly in other legal cases, such as employment, child custody, or divorce.

It’s important to note that 42 CFR Part 2 only applies to federally assisted recovery programs.9 This can include programs that are run by the government, receive federal funding, or meet certain other criteria. You can ask your admissions team if your rehab center is legally bound by this regulation.

Whether or not a center adheres to 42 CFR Part 2, it may still emphasize confidentiality. And some programs go above and beyond federal regulations. You can even choose a type of treatment based on what level of privacy feels safest to you.

Privacy in Different Types of Addiction Treatment

There are many ways to approach addiction recovery. Whether you’re looking for residential treatment or an intensive outpatient program (IOP), most centers offer some level of confidentiality. Here’s what you can expect from different types of rehab.

Residential Treatment

From a privacy perspective, residential treatment has several advantages. With physical distance from your community, you won’t have to worry about prying eyes. Even if you attend rehab nearby, you can choose a program in a discreet location. Many rehabs are located rurally, so you can enjoy the healing benefits of nature, and trust that no one you know will just happen by.

If you travel for addiction treatment, you’ll gain an extra level of confidentiality. You might also benefit from the change of scenery. And if anyone asks where you’ve been, you can honestly tell them about the place you visited—while omitting any mention of your recovery.

Residential rehab does have some drawbacks. Most of these programs treat several patients at once. So if you’re a public figure, the other residents might recognize you. And if you go on any outings, you may interact with people who aren’t bound by privacy laws.

Outpatient Treatment

In outpatient rehab, you’ll live on your own while you attend treatment. Often, patients keep living at home—but you can still travel for rehab if you prefer. These programs have more flexible scheduling than residential ones.

Depending on your program, you may need to take time away from work to focus on recovery. But that’s not always the case. Intensive outpatient programs (IOPs) have a lower time commitment than residential rehab.10 These programs usually include about 10 weekly treatment hours. That gives you the freedom to keep working part time, going to school, or seeing your friends. Keeping these commitments helps you keep up appearances—and keep your recovery private.

Much like residential rehab, outpatient treatment normally takes place in a group setting. For some patients, this is a benefit. You can start building a sober community right away, instead of waiting to get home from your travels. But if confidentiality is your top priority, these connections can be an issue. If you’re concerned about attending rehab with a group, there are other options to consider.

1:1 Rehab Facilities

Some centers offer the ultimate type of confidential care: personalized rehab for 1 patient at a time. These programs cater to high-profile patients, who require absolute privacy. You may find yourself in a beautiful, remote location for the duration of your stay.

The goal of 1:1 addiction rehab to meet each patient’s unique needs. From your schedule to your meal plan, every aspect of 1:1 treatment will be personalized. And with no other patients to attend to, the staff will be entirely focused on your recovery.

This type of treatment might not be accessible to everyone. Many of these programs take only private insurance, and some of them don’t take insurance at all. And what’s more, this level of confidentiality can be isolating. And there are other ways to get complete—or near-complete—privacy during rehab.

Recover in a Virtual IOP

As telehealth grows more popular, some centers now offer virtual rehab. Usually, patients can design their own treatment schedule. This lets you work around professional and personal commitments. And best of all, it lets you start recovery in the comfort and privacy of your own home.

These programs strike a balance between connection and confidentiality. You’ll stay in touch with local friends and family, who can offer daily emotional support. But you’ll also have daily access to a team of experts in addiction treatment. And there will be no need to explain why you left home for several weeks.

Virtual treatment isn’t right for everyone. By the time you start rehab, there might already be a strain on your relationships. If that’s the case, you may need privacy from even your family during initial treatment. Or, you might need more emotional support than they can offer while you’re living at home. If you’re not sure which option is best for you, ask the admissions team at your rehab to help you make a plan.

The Confidential Care You Deserve

When it comes to addiction recovery, not everyone requires total privacy. But if you do, it can be a major barrier to treatment. Asking for help is hard enough on its own, without the added concern of unwanted attention.

You have every right to get the treatment you need. You can distance yourself from the general public, but stay connected to people who can help. The important thing is to find the balance that best meets your needs.

Browse our searchable list of rehabs to learn more about their privacy policies, locations, insurance coverage, and more. Also, explore the latest RehabPath News for updates about our company.

Reviewed by Rajnandini Rathod

  1. Dobkin, P. L., Civita, M. D., Paraherakis, A., & Gill, K. (2002). The role of functional social support in treatment retention and outcomes among outpatient adult substance abusers: Social support and treatment outcome. Addiction, 97(3), 347–356. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00083.x []
  2. How does HIPAA interact with the federal confidentiality rules for substance use disorder treatment information in an emergency situation—Which rules should be followed? [Text]. (2018, January 4). HHS.Gov. https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-professionals/faq/3005/how-does-hipaa-interact-federal-confidentiality-rules-substance-use-disorder-treatment-information-in-emergency/index.html
  3. Confidentiality of substance use disorder patient records. (2017, January 18). Federal Register. https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/01/18/2017-00719/confidentiality-of-substance-use-disorder-patient-records [] []
  4. Health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996 (Hipaa) | cdc. (2022, June 28). https://www.cdc.gov/phlp/publications/topic/hipaa.html []
  5. Employers and health information in the workplace [Text]. (2008, November 19). HHS.Gov. https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-individuals/employers-health-information-workplace/index.html []
  6. Family members and friends. (2008, November 19). HHS.Gov. https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-individuals/family-members-friends/index.html []
  7. Court orders and subpoenas. (2008, November 19). HHS.Gov. https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-individuals/court-orders-subpoenas/index.html []
  8. Disclosure of Substance Use Disorder Patient Records: Does Part 2 Apply to Me? (n.d.). SAMHSA. https://www.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/does-part2-apply.pdf []
  9. 42 cfr part 2—Confidentiality of substance use disorder patient records. (n.d.). Retrieved October 24, 2022, from https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-42/chapter-I/subchapter-A/part-2 []
  10. For people in treatment, who engages with recovery residences, and does it boost retention? (2022, March 24). Recovery Research Institute. https://www.recoveryanswers.org/research-post/deeper-dive-recovery-residence-participants-who-more-likely-use-them-how-affect-engagement-outpatient-care/ []

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